The Paul McCartney Project

Love You To

Written by George Harrison

Album This song officially appears on the Revolver (UK Mono) Official album.
Timeline This song has been officially released in 1966
Sessions This song has been recorded during the following sessions

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Song facts

From Wikipedia:

Love You To” is a song by the English rock group the Beatles from their 1966 album Revolver. The song was written and sung by George Harrison and features Indian instrumentation such as sitar and tabla. Following Harrison’s introduction of the sitar on “Norwegian Wood” in 1965, it was the first Beatles song to fully reflect the influence of Indian classical music. The recording was made with minimal participation from Harrison’s bandmates; instead, he created the track with tabla player Anil Bhagwat and other Indian musicians from the Asian Music Circle in London.

The composition adheres to the pitches of the Indian equivalent of Dorian mode and emulates the khyal vocal tradition of Hindustani classical music. For musical inspiration, Harrison drew from the work of master sitarist Ravi Shankar, who became his sitar tutor shortly after the recording was completed. In its lyrical themes, “Love You To” is partly a love song to Harrison’s wife, Pattie Boyd, while also incorporating philosophical concepts inspired by his experimentation with the hallucinogenic drug LSD. In the context of its release, the song served as one of the first examples of the Beatles expressing an ideology aligned with that of the emerging counterculture.

Love You To” has been hailed by musicologists and critics as groundbreaking in its presentation of a non-Western musical form to rock audiences, particularly with regard to authenticity and avoidance of parody. Author Jonathan Gould describes the song’s slow sitar introduction as “one of the most brazenly exotic acts of stylistic experimentation ever heard on a popular LP“. Ronnie Montrose, Bongwater, Jim James and Cornershop are among the artists who have covered “Love You To“.

Background and inspiration

To me, [Indian classical music] is the only really great music now, and it makes Western three-or-four-beat type stuff seem somehow dead. You can get so much more out of it if you are prepared really to concentrate and listen.” – George Harrison, 1966

Having added sitar accompaniment to the Beatles’ “Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown)” in October 1965, George Harrison wrote “Love You To” as a way to showcase the instrument. He said that the composition was also designed to feature the tabla, a pair of Indian hand drums, for the first time. Music critic Richie Unterberger describes the song as the Beatles’ “first all-out excursion” in raga rock, a genre that author Nicholas Schaffner says was “launched” by Harrison’s use of sitar on “Norwegian Wood“.

Harrison wrote the song in early 1966 while the Beatles were enjoying an unusually long period free of professional commitments, due to their inability to find a suitable film project. He used the available time to further explore his interest in Indian classical music and the sitar, which, journalist Maureen Cleave noted in a contemporary article, “has given new meaning to [his] life“. Harrison’s activities included receiving sitar tuition from an Indian musician at the Asian Music Circle (AMC) in north London, where he also attended music recitals, and seeing Indian sitarist Ravi Shankar perform at the Royal Festival Hall. As reflected in “Love You To“, Harrison continued to immerse himself in recordings by Shankar, who, when the pair met at the AMC’s headquarters in June 1966, would agree to take Harrison as his student.

As he seldom had titles for his songs, the working title for the new composition was “Granny Smith“. The song was partly inspired by Harrison’s experimentation with the hallucinogenic drug LSD, which he credited as a catalyst for increased awareness and his interest in Eastern philosophical concepts. Author Ian MacDonald views the subject matter of “Love You To” as “part philosophical” and “part love-song” to Pattie Boyd, the English model whom Harrison married in January 1966.

Composition

Musical form

Love You To” is in the key of C and adheres to the pitches of Kafi thaat, the Indian equivalent of Dorian mode. The composition emulates the khyal vocal tradition of Hindustani (or North Indian) classical music. Structurally, it comprises an opening alap; a gat section, which serves as the main portion of the song; and a short drut (fast) gat to close the piece.

The alap consists of sitar played in free tempo, during which the song’s melody is previewed in the style of an Indian raga. Described by Harrison biographer Simon Leng as “essentially an adaptation of a blues lick“, the seven-note motif that closes the alap serves as a recurring motif during the ensuing gat. The change of metre following the alap marks the first such example in the Beatles’ work; it would shortly be repeated in John Lennon’s composition “She Said, She Said”, which Harrison helped complete by joining together three separate pieces that Lennon had written.

The gat is set in madhya laya (medium tempo) and features a driving rock rhythm accentuated by heavy tambura drone. This portion of the composition consists of eight-bar “A” sections and twelve-bar “B” sections, structured in an A-B-A-B pattern. The alap’s lack of a distinct time signature is contrasted with a temporal reference in the lyrics to the opening verse: “Each day just goes so fast / I turn around, it’s past“. Throughout, the vocal line avoids the melodic embellishment typical of khyal, apart from the use of melisma over the last line in each of the A sections. In keeping with the minimal harmonic movement of Indian music, the composition’s only deviation from its I chord of C is a series of implied ♭VII chord changes, which occur in the B sections.

During the mid-song instrumental passage, the melody line of the sitar incorporates aspects of the alap, raising the melody previewed there by an octave. The song then returns to verses sung over the A and B sections, culminating in the line “I’ll make love to you, if you want me to.” The arrival of the drut gat follows Hindustani convention by ending the composition at an accelerated tempo, although the brevity of this segment marks a departure from the same tradition.

Lyrical interpretation

As with all of the songs written by Harrison or Lennon and recorded by the Beatles in 1966, the lyrics to “Love You To” marked a departure from the standard love-song themes that had defined the group’s previous work. Harrison presents a worldview that variously reflects cynicism, sardonic humour and a degree of detachment with regard to personal relationships. According to music critic John Harris, the lines “There’s people standing round / Who’ll screw you in the ground / They’ll fill you in with all the sins you’ll see” serve as one of the first examples of the Beatles’ ideology aligning with that of the emerging 1960s counterculture, by highlighting the division between traditional mores and an LSD-inspired perspective. Authors Russell Reising and Jim LeBlanc recognise this and other statements in “Love You To” as part of the Beatles’ espousal of anti-materialism from 1966 onwards, a message that, inspired by the LSD experience, suggested a “psychedelic vision of society“.

Among other commentators discussing the lyrical themes, Mark Hertsgaard writes that Harrison’s “response to the fleetingness of time was to affirm and celebrate life: ‘make love all day long / make love singing songs’“, while Robert Rodriguez describes “Love You To” as “a somewhat oblique expression of love directed toward his bride, along with larger concerns regarding mortality and purpose“. In Ian Inglis’ estimation, the lyrics “remind us that in a world of material dissatisfaction and moral disharmony, there is always the solace of sexual pleasure“.

Recording

Love You To” was the third track the Beatles recorded for their 1966 album Revolver, after “Tomorrow Never Knows” and “Got to Get You Into My Life“. Rodriguez comments that “Love You To” “[made] explicit the Indian influence implicit throughout the entire album“, as songs such as “Tomorrow Never Knows” and “Got to Get You Into My Life“, together with the non-album single tracks “Paperback Writer” and “Rain“, all incorporate drone sounds or otherwise display the limited harmonic movement that typifies the genre.

The basic track for “Love You To” was taped in London at EMI’s Abbey Road Studios on 11 April 1966. According to Beatles historian Mark Lewisohn, Harrison initially sang and played acoustic guitar, accompanied by Paul McCartney on backing vocals. By the end of the first session that day, three takes of the song had been made, with Harrison introducing his sitar on the last of these takes. Work resumed at 8 pm, with the participation of some Indian musicians that Harrison had sourced through Patricia Angadi, the co-founder of the Asian Music Circle. These outside contributors included tabla player Anil Bhagwat and uncredited musicians on tambura and sitar.

According to Inglis, “Love You To” is “defined” by the interplay between sitar and tabla. Bhagwat later recalled of his involvement: “George told me what he wanted and I tuned the tabla with him. He suggested I play something in the Ravi Shankar style, 16-beats, though he agreed that I should improvise. Indian music is all improvisation.

With take 6 selected as the best performance, a reduction mix was carried out on 13 April, freeing up space for more overdubs on the four-track tape. Harrison added another vocal part onto what was now referred to as take 7, and Ringo Starr played tambourine. McCartney contributed a high harmony vocal over the words “They’ll fill you in with all their sins, you’ll see“, but this part was omitted from the final mix. Harrison also overdubbed fuzz-tone electric guitar, controlling the output via a volume pedal. Producer Tony Visconti has marvelled at the guitar sounds the Beatles introduced on Revolver, particularly Harrison’s part on “Love You To“, which he says “sounds like a chainsaw cutting down a tree in Vermont“.

Credit for the main sitar part on “Love You To” has traditionally been the subject of debate among commentators. While MacDonald says that, rather than Harrison, it was the sitarist from the AMC who played this part, Rodriguez writes that “others point to [Harrison’s] single-minded diligence in mastering the instrument, as well as his study through private lessons, proximity to accomplished musicians, and close listening to pertinent records.” In his official history of the Beatles’ recording career, The Complete Beatles Recording Sessions, Lewisohn states: “George played the sitar but an outside musician, Anil Bhagwat, was recruited to play the tabla.” Musicologist Walter Everett also identifies Harrison as the main sitar player on the recording, as does Peter Lavezzoli, author of The Dawn of Indian Music in the West. Leng comments that, as on “Norwegian Wood“, Harrison “is still playing the sitar like a guitar player [on the recording], using blues and rock ‘n’ roll bends rather than the intensely intricate Indian equivalents“.

Final mixing for the song took place on 21 June as the Beatles rushed to complete Revolver before beginning the first leg of their 1966 world tour. Harrison discussed “Love You To” with Shankar when the two musicians met that month, at a social event hosted by the Angadi family. Although he was unaware of the band’s popularity and had yet to hear “Norwegian Wood“, Shankar was impressed with Harrison’s humility as the guitarist downplayed his sitar recordings with the Beatles as merely “experiments“. Soon after this meeting, Shankar gave Harrison his first sitar lesson at Kinfauns, his and Boyd’s home in Surrey, and later, with tablist Alla Rakha, performed a private recital there for Harrison, Lennon and Starr.

Release

Revolver was released on 5 August 1966, with “Love You To” sequenced as the fourth track. By that point, the Beatles’ association with Indian music had been further established when, at Harrison’s suggestion, the band stopped over in Delhi on the return flight from their Far East tour. During the highly publicised visit, all four members of the group bought musical instruments from Rikhi Ram & Sons in Connaught Place. Bhagwat’s name appeared on the LP’s back cover, one of the few times that an outside musician received an official credit on a Beatles album.

Among commentators recalling the song’s release, Barry Miles describes “Love You To” as having “sounded astonishing next to the electrifying pop of the Revolver album“. Hertsgaard writes: “what caught most people’s interest was the exotic rhythm track. The opening descent of shimmering harplike notes beckoned even those who resisted Indian music, while the lyrics melded the mysticism of the East … with the pragmatism of the West, and the hedonism of youth culture.

In his 1977 book The Beatles Forever, Schaffner wrote that, next to the dominant Lennon–McCartney songwriting partnership, Harrison’s three compositions on Revolver – “Love You To“, “Taxman” and “I Want to Tell You” – “offered ample indication that there were now three prolific songwriting Beatles“. Schaffner also commented that, through his championing of the sitar and Shankar’s music, Harrison came to be seen as “the maharaja of raga-rock“, as other Western musicians began adopting Indian musical stylings. In the Beatles’ 1968 animated film Yellow Submarine, a brief portion of the song is used to introduce Harrison’s character, as a guru-like figure, standing on a hill.

Critical reception

In a joint album review with Peter Jones for Record Mirror, Richard Green enthused about the song, saying: “Starts like a classical Indian recital … This is great. So different. Play it again! Best [track] so far.” Allen Evans of the NME lauded Harrison’s sitar playing as “stunning” and “tremendous” before concluding: “Fascinating mixture of minor melody with Indian accompaniment. One of the most striking tracks.” In his role as guest reviewer for Disc and Music Echo, Ray Davies of the Kinks also admired the performance and suggested that Harrison “must have quite a big influence on the group now“.

Writing in the recently launched Crawdaddy!, Paul Williams “heaped praise” on “Love You To“, according to Rodriguez, while critic Lester Bangs termed it “the first injection of ersatz Eastern wisdom into rock“. The majority of contemporary US reviews were lukewarm towards Revolver, however, in reaction to the publication of Lennon’s statement that the Beatles had become more popular than Christ. An exception was New York critic Richard Goldstein, who praised the album as “a revolutionary record“, and later wrote that the song’s lyrics “exploded with a passionate sutra quality“. While bemoaning the initial lack of recognition for Revolver, KRLA Beat’s reviewer said that Harrison had “created a new extension of the music form which he introduced in Rubber Soul“, and described “Love You To” as “Well done and musically valid. Also musically unrecognized.

Retrospective assessment and legacy

While it was the songs and voices of Lennon and McCartney that led the Beatles to enduring influence, Harrison’s embrace of Indian music added a welcome, if wholly unexpected, note to the proceedings, instantly and forever changing Western awareness of the Asian subcontinent.

Writing in the journal Asian Music, ethnomusicologist David Reck has cited “Love You To” as being revolutionary in Western culture, adding: “One cannot emphasise how absolutely unprecedented this piece is in the history of popular music. For the first time an Asian music was not parodied utilising familiar stereotypes and misconceptions, but rather transferred into a new environment with sympathy and rare understanding.” Reck views it as the first in “a series of finely crafted Indian-based songs” by Harrison that would extend through his solo career, and while admiring the range of authentic Hindustani musical elements in the composition, he concludes: “All of this in a three-minute song!” Peter Lavezzoli describes “Love You To” as “the first conscious attempt in pop to emulate a non-Western form of music in structure and instrumentation“. Lavezzoli says of the sitar part: “[Harrison’s] playing throughout the song is an astonishing improvement over ‘Norwegian Wood’. In fact, ‘Love You To’ remains the most accomplished performance on sitar by any rock musician.

Reviewing Harrison’s musical career in a 2002 issue of Goldmine magazine, Dave Thompson wrote that the song “opened creative doors through which Harrison’s bandmates may not – and [George] Martin certainly would not – have ever dreamed of passing“. Rolling Stone contributor Greg Kot pairs “Love You To” with “Taxman” as two “major contributions” that saw Harrison “[come] into his own as a songwriter” on Revolver. Kot describes “Love You To” as “a boldly experimental track that Harrison records … as he makes the first full-scale incorporation of Eastern instruments on a Beatles album“. Writing on his music website Elsewhere, Graham Reid views the track as a “classic” due to its standing as “arguably the first [song] in Western pop … which owes nothing to pop music traditions. It is an Indian song in its structure and execution.

AllMusic editor Stephen Thomas Erlewine considers “Love You To” to be Harrison’s “first and best foray into Indian music“, while Bruce Eder, also writing for AllMusic, views it as “exquisite“. In his song review for the same website, Richie Unterberger is unimpressed with the track; while acknowledging that “Love You To” was “Undoubtedly … another indication of the group’s rapidly broadening barriers“, he cites a lead vocal that “drone[s] on in a rather lugubrious way“, Harrison’s slightly “disheveled” sitar playing, and lyrics that constitute “a rather muddled mix of free love advocacy, meditations on the transience of life on Earth, and chip-on-the-shoulder wariness of people out to exploit him“. Although he finds the melody “sourly repetitious“, Ian MacDonald writes that the track is “distinguished by the authenticity of its Hindustani classical instrumentation and techniques“, and admires Harrison’s understanding of the genre. In a 2009 review for Paste magazine, Mark Kemp described Revolver as the album on which the Beatles “completed their transformation from the mop tops of three years earlier into bold, groundbreaking experimental rockers“, and added: “Harrison’s ‘Love You To’ is pure Indian raga – sitar and tablas punctuated by the occasional luminous guitar riff jolting through the song’s paranoid, drug-fueled lyrics like a blinding ray of sun into a dark forest.” […]

From The Usenet Guide to Beatles Recording Variations:

  • [a] mono 13 Apr 1966. edited.
    UK: Parlophone PMC 7009 Revolver 1966.
    US: Capitol T 2576 Revolver 1966.
  • [b] stereo 21 Jun 1966. edited.
    UK: Parlophone PCS 7009 Revolver 1966.
    US: Capitol ST 2576 Revolver 1966.
    CD: EMI CDP 7 46441 2 Revolver 1987.

Mono [a] has a much longer fade, by 13 seconds. The edit is of mixes with and without ADT, details not given in Lewisohn– curiously both mixes are done that way.

Last updated on May 10, 2016

Lyrics

Each day just goes so fast
I turn around, it's past
You don't get time to hang a sign on me

Love me while you can
Or I'll get a plan

A lifetime is so short
A new one can't be bought
But what you've got means such a lot to me

Make love all day long
Make love singing songs

Make love all day long
Make love singing songs

There's people standing round
Who screw you in the ground
They'll fill you in with all the things you see

I'll make love to you
If you want me to

Officially appears on


Revolver (UK Mono)

Official album • Released in 1966

3:00 • Studio versionA • Mono

Paul McCartney:
Backing vocals, Bass
Ringo Starr:
Tambourine
George Harrison:
Acoustic guitar, Electric guitar, Sitar, Vocals
George Martin:
Producer
Geoff Emerick:
Engineer
Anil Bhagwat:
Tabla

Session Recording:
Apr 11, 1966
Studio:
EMI Studios, Studio Two, Abbey Road

Session Mixing:
Apr 13, 1966
Studio:
EMI Studios, Studio Three, Abbey Road


Revolver (US Mono)

Official album • Released in 1966

3:09 • Studio versionA • Mono

Paul McCartney:
Backing vocals, Bass
Ringo Starr:
Tambourine
George Harrison:
Acoustic guitar, Electric guitar, Sitar, Vocals
George Martin:
Producer
Geoff Emerick:
Engineer
Anil Bhagwat:
Tabla

Session Recording:
Apr 11, 1966
Studio:
EMI Studios, Studio Two, Abbey Road

Session Mixing:
Apr 13, 1966
Studio:
EMI Studios, Studio Three, Abbey Road


Revolver (US Stereo)

Official album • Released in 1966

3:01 • Studio versionB • Stereo

Paul McCartney:
Backing vocals, Bass
Ringo Starr:
Tambourine
George Harrison:
Acoustic guitar, Electric guitar, Sitar, Vocals
George Martin:
Producer
Geoff Emerick:
Engineer
Anil Bhagwat:
Tabla

Session Recording:
Apr 11, 1966
Studio:
EMI Studios, Studio Two, Abbey Road

Session Mixing:
Jun 21, 1966
Studio:
EMI Studios, Studio Three, Abbey Road


Revolver (UK Stereo)

Official album • Released in 1966

3:00 • Studio versionB • Stereo

Paul McCartney:
Backing vocals, Bass
Ringo Starr:
Tambourine
George Harrison:
Acoustic guitar, Electric guitar, Sitar, Vocals
George Martin:
Producer
Geoff Emerick:
Engineer
Anil Bhagwat:
Tabla

Session Recording:
Apr 11, 1966
Studio:
EMI Studios, Studio Two, Abbey Road

Session Mixing:
Jun 21, 1966
Studio:
EMI Studios, Studio Three, Abbey Road


Yellow Submarine Songtrack

Official album • Released in 1999

3:01 • Studio versionR1999

Paul McCartney:
Backing vocals, Bass
Ringo Starr:
Tambourine
George Harrison:
Acoustic guitar, Electric guitar, Sitar, Vocals
George Martin:
Producer
Geoff Emerick:
Engineer
Anil Bhagwat:
Tabla
Paul Hicks:
Remix engineer assistant
Mirek Stiles:
Remix engineer assistant
Peter Cobbin:
Remix engineer

Session Recording:
Apr 11, 1966
Studio:
EMI Studios, Studio Two, Abbey Road

Session Mixing:
Circa 1999
Studio:
EMI Studios, Abbey Road

Bootlegs


Revolver Sessions

Unofficial album

3:00 • Alternate take • RS From Takes 6&7 V1 stereo


Revolver Sessions

Unofficial album

1:38 • Alternate take • RS From Takes 6&7 V2 stereo

Live performances

Paul McCartney has never played this song in concert.


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