Recording and mixing "You Never Give Me Your Money", "Come Together", "Polythene Pam"...

Wednesday, July 30, 1969 • For The Beatles

Part of


Recording "Abbey Road"

Feb 22 - Aug 25, 1969 • Songs recorded during this session appear on Abbey Road

Album Songs recorded during this session officially appear on the Abbey Road LP.
Timeline More from year 1969
Studio:
EMI Studios, Studio Two, Abbey Road
Studio:
EMI Studios, Studio Three, Abbey Road

Master album


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About

At this point in time, all the songs intended to be part of the long medley (named “The Long One” or “Huge Melody” at this stage) had been recorded. The goal of this day was to prepare a trial run at piecing together all those songs into one cohesive unit. But before doing this first assembly, most songs would receive overdubs. This was obviously a very long session, lasting from 2 pm to 3:30 am.


From 2 pm to 3:30 pm, six attempts at making a tape reduction of the first song of the medley, “You Never Give Me Your Money“, were done, numbered 37 to 42. Take 40 was considered to be the best and received some overdubs later that day.

Once this was done, they moved from Studio Two to Studio Three for the rest of the day.


Come Together” was not designed to be part of the medley, but still received its final overdubs on this day, in the form of some lead guitar passages played by George Harrison.


Polythene Pam / She Came In Through The Bathroom Window” were next to receive overdubs. Paul McCartney, John Lennon and George added backing vocals; George some guitar; and Ringo Starr some congas.


Switching to “You Never Give Me Your Money“, Paul, John and George added backing vocals in various parts of the song, including the “one, two, three, four, five, six, seven…” harmonies during its conclusion, while Ringo played the tambourine at the end of each vocal phrase.


The last ones to receive overdubs on this day were “Golden Slumbers / Carry That Weight“, with Paul McCartney adding some vocals:

The only information on work from this session on Golden Slumbers / Carry That Weight comes from a recording sheet noting “VOCALS”. Given the evidence from the first assembly of the so called Huge Melody, the work comprised McCartney’s backing vocals for the “I never give you my pillow…” section of the song.

From “The Beatles Recording Reference Manual – Volume 5” by Jerry Hammack

It was 10:30 pm when all the overdubs were completed. The rest of the session was spent mixing the tracks, editing and crossfading them.

That session was a long one — for the first time since the White Album days, we worked late into the night — but everyone was really upbeat and quite pleased with the results. There was only one little bit of contention, and it had to do with the crossfade between “You Never Give Me Your Money” and “Here Comes The Sun King”. John didn’t like the idea of there being such a long gap between the two songs, but Paul felt strongly that the mood needed to be set for the listener before “Sun King” started. In the end, Paul got his way — John merely shrugged his shoulders and feigned disinterest. At first, a single held organ note was used for the crossfade. Later on, when it came time to sequence the finished mixes, Paul arrived with a plastic bag of tape loops (just as he had done when we worked on “Tomorrow Never Knows” years before) and we used several of them — including recordings of crickets and bells—instead.

Geoff Emerick – From “Here, There and Everywhere: My Life Recording the Music of The Beatles“, 2006

At this stage, the running order of the songs in the medley was slightly different than on the “Abbey Road” album, as “Her Majesty” was placed between “Mean Mr. Mustard” and “Polythene Pam“:

We did all the remixes and crossfades to overlap the songs, Paul was there, and we heard it together for the first time. He said ‘I don’t like Her Majesty, throw it away,’ so I cut it out — but I accidentally left in the last note. He said ‘It’s only a rough mix, it doesn’t matter’, in other words, don’t bother about making a clean edit because it’s only a rough mix. I said to Paul ‘What shall I do with it?’. ‘Throw it away,’ he replied.

I’d been told never to throw anything away, so after he left I picked it up off the floor put about 20 seconds of red leader tape before it and stuck it onto the end of the edit tape. The next day, down at Apple, Malcolm Davies cut a playback lacquer of the whole sequence and, even though I’d written on the box that Her Majesty was unwanted, he too thought, ‘Well, mustn’t throw anything away, I’ll put it on at the end’. I’m only assuming this, but when Paul got that lacquer he must have liked hearing Her Majesty tacked on the end. The Beatles always picked up on accidental things. It came as a nice little surprise there at the end, and he didn’t mind. We never remixed Her Majesty again, that was the mix which ended up on the finished LP.

John Kurlander, tape operator – From “The Complete Beatles Recording Sessions” by Mark Lewisohn

This was the day that I found out that this whole thing was to be a medley. We joined it all together. It was about two or three o’clock in the morning and after a very long day, we played the whole thing through for the first time. Paul said, ‘Look, I don’t think ‘Her Majesty’ works. So just cut it out,’ and he left and went home.

So it was my job to tidy up the housekeeping. And there was a piece of tape which was only 20 seconds long lying on the floor. There is an [EMI] rule that says if you remove something from a master tape, it has to go at the end, after a long piece of red leader tape. Everyone else had gone home, so I decided to just tag it on at the end. Then [longtime Beatles assistant] Mal Evans took the tape, and the next morning they had a reference acetate cut from it by Malcolm Davis, Apple’s cutting engineer.

And then this thing [‘Her Majesty] crashes in, because it still had the crossfade on. Paul was probably the most surprised, because his last word on the subject was ‘Just get rid of it.’

John Kurlander, tape operator – From Variety, September 27, 2019

One of the key challenges of this mixing session was how to properly segue “You Never Give Me Your Money” into the next medley track, “Sun King“. After several trials, the retained idea was to merge the songs on an organ note. A better idea would emerge on August 5.

The resulting medley done on this day was released on the “Abbey Road (50th anniversary boxset)” in 2019.

Last updated on December 28, 2021

Songs recorded


1.

You Never Give Me Your Money

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Tape copying • Tape reduction take 30 into take 37


2.

You Never Give Me Your Money

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Tape copying • Tape reduction take 30 into take 38


3.

You Never Give Me Your Money

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Tape copying • Tape reduction take 30 into take 39


4.

You Never Give Me Your Money

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Tape copying • Tape reduction take 30 into take 40


5.

You Never Give Me Your Money

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Tape copying • Tape reduction take 30 into take 41


6.

You Never Give Me Your Money

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Tape copying • Tape reduction take 30 into take 42


7.

Come Together

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Recording • SI onto take 9


8.

Polythene Pam

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Recording • SI onto take 40


9.

She Came In Through The Bathroom Window

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Recording • SI onto take 40


10.

You Never Give Me Your Money

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Recording • SI onto take 40


11.

Golden Slumbers

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Recording • SI onto take 17


12.

Carry That Weight

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Recording • SI onto take 17


13.

You Never Give Me Your Money

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Mixing • Stereo mixing - Remix 1 from take 40

Album Officially released on Abbey Road (50th anniversary boxset)


14.

Sun King

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Mixing • Stereo mixing - Remix 1 from take 35

Album Officially released on Abbey Road (50th anniversary boxset)


15.

Mean Mr. Mustard

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Mixing • Stereo mixing - Remix 1 from take 35

Album Officially released on Abbey Road (50th anniversary boxset)


16.

Her Majesty

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Mixing • Stereo mixing - Remix 1 from take 3

Album Officially released on Abbey Road (50th anniversary boxset)


17.

Polythene Pam

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Mixing • Stereo mixing - Remix 1 from take 40

Album Officially released on Abbey Road (50th anniversary boxset)


18.

She Came In Through The Bathroom Window

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Mixing • Stereo mixing - Remix 1 from take 40

Album Officially released on Abbey Road (50th anniversary boxset)


19.

Golden Slumbers

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Mixing • Stereo mixing - Remix 1 from take 17

Album Officially released on Abbey Road (50th anniversary boxset)


20.

Carry That Weight

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Mixing • Stereo mixing - Remix 1 from take 17

Album Officially released on Abbey Road (50th anniversary boxset)


21.

The End

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Mixing • Stereo mixing - Remix 1 from take 7

Album Officially released on Abbey Road (50th anniversary boxset)


22.

Editing, crossfading and tape compilation

Editing • You Never Give Me Your Money, Sun King / Mean Mr Mustard, Her Majesty, Polythene Pam / She Came In Through The Bathroom Window, Golden Slumbers / Carry That Weight, The End

Album Officially released on Let It Be (50th anniversary boxset)

Staff

Musicians on "Carry That Weight"

Paul McCartney:
Backing vocals

Musicians on "Come Together"

Musicians on "You Never Give Me Your Money"

Paul McCartney:
Backing vocals
Ringo Starr:
Tambourine
John Lennon:
Backing vocals
George Harrison:
Backing vocals

Musicians on "Polythene Pam"

Paul McCartney:
Backing vocals
Ringo Starr:
Congas
John Lennon:
Backing vocals
George Harrison:
Backing vocals, Guitar

Musicians on "She Came In Through The Bathroom Window"

Paul McCartney:
Backing vocals
Ringo Starr:
Congas
John Lennon:
Backing vocals
George Harrison:
Guitar, Backing vocals

Musicians on "Golden Slumbers"

Paul McCartney:
Backing vocals

Production staff

George Martin:
Producer
Geoff Emerick:
Engineer
Phil McDonald:
Engineer
John Kurlander:
Second engineer

The Complete Beatles Recording Sessions • Mark Lewisohn

The definitive guide for every Beatles recording sessions from 1962 to 1970.

We owe a lot to Mark Lewisohn for the creation of those session pages, but you really have to buy this book to get all the details - the number of takes for each song, who contributed what, a description of the context and how each session went, various photographies... And an introductory interview with Paul McCartney!

The Beatles Bible

If we like to think, in all modesty, that the Paul McCartney Project is the best online ressource for everything Paul McCartney, The Beatles Bible is for sure the definitive online site focused on the Beatles. There are obviously some overlap in terms of content between the two sites, but also some major differences in terms of approach.

Have a look at https://www.beatlesbible.com/1969/07/30/recording-mixing-you-never-give-me-your-money-come-together-polythene-pam-she-came-in-through-the-bathroom-window-golden-slumbers-carry-that-weight-sun-king-mean-mr-mustard-her-majesty-the-end/

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