Recording "Oh! Darling", "Come Together", "The End"

Wednesday, July 23, 1969 • For The Beatles

Part of

"Abbey Road" sessions

Feb 22 - Aug 25, 1969 • Songs recorded during this session appear on Abbey Road

Album Songs recorded during this session officially appear on the Abbey Road LP.
EMI Studios, Studio Three, Abbey Road

Master release

Spread the love! If you like what you are seeing, share it on social networks and let others know about The Paul McCartney Project.


As he did on July 17, July 18 and July 22, Paul McCartney arrived early at EMI Studios to re-record the lead vocals of “Oh! Darling“. He was at last satisfied by the result, which would be used on the final version of the track, according to Mark Lewisohn.

Perhaps my main memory of the Abbey Road sessions is of Paul coming into studio three at two o’clock or 2.30 each afternoon, on his own, to do the vocal on Oh! Darling. […] Paul came in several days running to do the lead vocal on Oh! Darling. He’d come in, sing it and say ‘No, that’s not it, I’ll try it again tomorrow’. He only tried it once per day, I suppose he wanted to capture a certain rawness which could only be done once before the voice changed. […]

Alan Parsons, engineer​ – From “The Complete Beatles Recording Sessions” by Mark Lewisohn

[Paul] did that for, like, a whole week, and then he said, ‘Okay, now let’s have a playback and we’ll listen to all of them. He then just picked the one he liked best. I don’t remember too much conversation of why he liked that one better, it was just an interesting idea that he had to experiment the way that the vocal performances were done and chosen.

John Kurlander, engineer – From Beatles Engineer John Kurlander Remembers Making ‘Abbey Road’ – Variety, September 27, 2019

Some time was then spent on John Lennon’s “Come Together“, but it’s unclear what overdubs have been recorded on this date.

The Beatles then started working on a new track, “The End“, under the working title “Ending“, to bring a conclusion to the long medley. They began rehearsing the song a number of times before recording seven takes of the backing track, as explained by Kevin Howlett in the “Abbey Road” Super Deluxe edition book (2019):

Officially, there are seven documented takes of the main section for the ending of ‘The Long One’. After the seventh on the tape, however, there are outtakes numbered 22 to 33. It is likely that after 33 rehearsal takes the tape was rewound and the numbering was restarted.

From The “Abbey Road” Super Deluxe edition book (2019)

The instrumentation was Ringo Starr on drums (on tracks one and two), John on guitar (track three), George Harrison on guitar (track four) and Paul on bass (track five). Ringo was asked to do a drum solo, which he reluctantly did.

“You know how much I hate solos!” Ringo kept saying, same as he did when we were working on “A Day In The Life.”

“Well, just do a token solo then,” Paul said half jokingly.

Ringo looked to Lennon and Harrison for support, but, for once, they were siding with Paul. Eventually Ringo capitulated and performed the only drum solo—if you discount his little fills at the end of the 1963 B-side
“Thank You Girl”—ever to appear on a Beatles record.

Even after extensive coaching from Paul, Ringo still wasn’t sure what he was going to play, and I could see that he wasn’t the least bit confident that he could pull it off, either. We had to do a lot of takes, and each take was quite different. The final solo he played was actually considerably longer than what eventually made it onto the album—with input from Paul and George Martin, I edited it down significantly, using only the best bits.

Geoff Emerick – From “Here, There and Everywhere: My Life Recording the Music of The Beatles“, 2006

In “The End” there were three guitar solos where John, George and I took a line each, which was something we’d never done before. And we finally persuaded Ringo to play a drum solo, which he’d never wanted to do.

Paul McCartney – From The Beatles Anthology

Solos have never interested me. That drum solo is still the only one I’ve done. There’s the guitar section where the three of them take in the solos, and then they thought, ‘We’ll have a drum solo as well.’ I was opposed to it: ‘I don’t want to do no bloody solo!’ George Martin convinced me. As I was playing it, he counted it because we needed a time. It was the most ridiculous thing. I was going, ‘Dum, dum – one, two, three, four…’ and I had to come off at that strange place because it was thirteen bars long. Anyway, I did it, and it’s out of the way. I’m pleased now that we’ve got one down.

Ringo Starr – From The Beatles Anthology

And then, of course, we get to the famous parts of The End, the drum solo and the three-way guitar solos. The thing that always amused me was how much persuasion it took to get Ringo to play that solo. Usually, you have to try to talk drummers out of doing solos! [laughs] He didn’t want to do it, but everybody said, ‘No, no, it’ll be fantastic!’ So he gave in – and turned in a bloody marvelous performance!

It took a while to get right, and I think Paul helped with some ideas, but it’s fantastic. I always want to hear more – that’s how good it is. It’s so musical, it’s not just a drummer going off.

Geoff Emerick – From MusicRadar, 2014 interview

Take 3 was released on the “Abbey Road (50th anniversary boxset)” in 2019.

At this stage, “The End” was 1’20” long and didn’t contain any vocals. The idea to end the track with the line “And in the end, the love you take, is equal to the love you make” would come later.

The recording of “The End” would continue on August 5.

At the end of the session, Paul McCartney previewed “Come And Get It” on piano. He would formally record a demo of it the next day.

That night, just before leaving, Paul sat down at the piano and started playing a new song. He explained that it wasn’t one he wanted to do for the album. Instead, he planned on giving the song to a new group that Apple had recently signed, a band called Badfinger. It was quite late and Paul was tired, so he asked me to set up all the sounds for him so that he could come in fresh first thing the next morning and record it straight away. I knew that I’d be a little late coming in the next day because I had a meeting scheduled at Apple, so Phil ended up doing the actual recording. The song turned out to be the million-seller “Come And Get It,” and Phil told me afterwards that Paul knocked off the demo in under an hour, while John and Yoko sat quietly in the control room, offering no input or assistance.

Geoff Emerick – From “Here, There and Everywhere: My Life Recording the Music of The Beatles“, 2006
From Facebook – 23 July 1969 Photo by Yoko Ono (
From Facebook – 23 July 1969 – Photo © Paul Wane / Tracks Ltd. (

Last updated on December 30, 2021

Songs recorded


Oh! Darling

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Recording • SI onto take 26


Come Together

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Recording • SI onto take 9


The End

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Recording • Take 1


The End

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Recording • Take 2


The End

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Recording • Take 3

Album Officially released on Abbey Road (50th anniversary boxset)


The End

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Recording • Take 4


The End

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Recording • Take 5


The End

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Recording • Take 6


The End

Written by Lennon - McCartney

Recording • Take 7


Come And Get It

Written by Paul McCartney



Musicians on "The End"

Paul McCartney:
Ringo Starr:
John Lennon:
Lead guitar
George Harrison:
Lead guitar

Musicians on "Oh! Darling"

Paul McCartney:
Lead vocals

Production staff

George Martin:
Geoff Emerick:
Phil McDonald:
John Kurlander:
Second Engineer

Going further

The Complete Beatles Recording Sessions • Mark Lewisohn

The definitive guide for every Beatles recording sessions from 1962 to 1970.

We owe a lot to Mark Lewisohn for the creation of those session pages, but you really have to buy this book to get all the details - the number of takes for each song, who contributed what, a description of the context and how each session went, various photographies... And an introductory interview with Paul McCartney!

Shop on Amazon

Solid State: The Story of "Abbey Road" and the End of the Beatles

Acclaimed Beatles historian Kenneth Womack offers the most definitive account yet of the writing, recording, mixing, and reception of Abbey Road. In February 1969, the Beatles began working on what became their final album together. Abbey Road introduced a number of new techniques and technologies to the Beatles' sound, and included "Come Together," "Something," and "Here Comes the Sun," which all emerged as classics.

Shop on Amazon

If we like to think, in all modesty, that the Paul McCartney Project is the best online ressource for everything Paul McCartney, The Beatles Bible is for sure the definitive online site focused on the Beatles. There are obviously some overlap in terms of content between the two sites, but also some major differences in terms of approach.

Read more on The Beatles Bible


Have you spotted an error on the page? Do you want to suggest new content? Or do you simply want to leave a comment ? Please use the form below!

Your comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.